Below I show the science spending in different countries in 2011, using publicly available data from the worldbank. As can be seen, Brazil expenditure in science is only about 1,2% of its GDP (gross domestic product). This is much lower than developed countries with lower GDP than Brazil, such as Austria (2.8%), Denmark (3%), Finland (3.8%) and Sweden (3.4%). If we compare Brazil with countries with higher GDP, science funding in the country is also below. For example, the USA (1st economy, 2.8%), China (2nd, 1.8%), Japan (3rd, 3.4%), Germany (4th, 2.9%), France (5th, 2.3%), and United Kingdom (6th, 1.8%).
|Science funding in percentage of the GDP, using data from the worldbank. Brazil only invests 1,2% in science. (c) Jorge Meléndez|
|The number of papers published in Brazil is too low for the size of its economy. Figure made using data from the world bank and Thomson Reuters. (c) Jorge Meléndez.|